UCC - where new research has been conducted by the National Suicide Research Foundation (NSRF) and the School of Public Health, UCC
Health professionals must prioritise assessing the mental and physical health problems among those bereaved by suicide, according to the Chief Scientist at the National Suicide Research Foundation (NSRF).
Family members bereaved by suicide have elevated levels of depression, anxiety and stress, and are at increased risk of adverse physical health conditions, said Professor Ella Arensman, after the publication of new NSRF-UCC research.
“This research underlines the importance of increasing awareness among health and mental health professionals to prioritise assessment and early identification of mental health and physical health problems among people bereaved by suicide.”
The new research, conducted by the National Suicide Research Foundation (NSRF) and the School of Public Health, UCC, comprised a systematic review of 24 studies worldwide and in-depth interviews with 18 family members bereaved by suicide in Ireland.
Of family members bereaved by suicide, 24%, 18% and 27% had elevated levels of depression, anxiety and stress, respectively, the new study shows. They also experienced other psychological problems including panic attacks, suicidal thoughts, intrusive images, nightmares and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Family members bereaved by suicide are also at an increased risk of adverse physical health conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to the research findings. They also experienced more physical health complaints, physical illnesses and physical pain.
Considering these health difficulties, family members expressed a need for adequate formal and informal support. Family members face challenges including difficulty in accessing formal support services due to grief reactions, being unsure where to access such support and not having the financial means to pay for such support, the research found.
Ailbhe Spillane, who conducted the research, said: “Since we now know the main physical and mental health problems experienced after suicide bereavement, we need to prioritise high-quality support services, without restricting such services because of financial constraints.”
The studies are published online at BMC Public Health and BMJ Open.
The NSRF is in receipt of funding from the HSE’s National Office for Suicide Prevention and the Health Research Board (HRB). The NSRF’s research is linked to Connecting for Life, Ireland’s National Strategy to Reduce Suicide 2015-2020.
The research was conducted as part of PhD research within the HRB Structured Population and Health services Research Education: SPHeRE.
If you are affected by suicide the following organisations can offer support and advice:
- Suicide Support and Information: Suicidesupportand information.ie
- The Psychological Society of Ireland: Psihq.ie
- Samaritans: Call Freephone: 116 123; text: 087 2 60 90 90 (standard text rates apply) or firstname.lastname@example.org
- Aware: Aware.ie; 1800 804848 (freephone); e-mail: email@example.com